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Konu: DERS4-8- The -ing form_0 Yazar: cengizsakmanli
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cengizsakmanli Star  12-18-2017, 01:50 PM   
#1






We can use the -ing form of the verb:

• as a noun:

I love swimming.

Swimming is very good for your health.

You can get fit by swimming regularly.





-ing nouns are nearly always uncount nouns



  • as an adjective:


The main problem today is rising prices.
That programme was really boring.

He saw a woman lying on the floor.





Because the -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb it can have any of the patterns which follow a verb, for example:



  • ... an object:


I like playing tennis.
Can you imagine living on the moon?



  • ... or an adverbial:


You can earn a lot of money by working hard.
There were several people waiting for the bus.



  • ... or a clause:


I heard someone saying that.


The -ing noun can be used:

  • as the subject of a verb:




Learning English is not easy.


  • as the object of a verb:


We enjoy learning English.



Common verbs followed by an -ing object are:
 
admit
like

hate

start

avoid

suggest

enjoy

dislike

begin

finish





  • as the object of a preposition


Some people are not interested in learning English.


The -ing adjective can come:

  • in front of a noun:


I read an interesting article in the newspaper today.
We saw a really exciting match on Sunday.



 The commonest –ing adjectives used in front of the noun are
 
amusing
interesting

worrying

shocking

disappointing

boring

surprising

 exciting

terrifying

frightening

tiring

annoying

 

 

  • after a noun:


Who is that man standing over there?
The boy talking to Angela is her younger brother.



  • and especially after verbs like seewatchhearsmell etc.


heard someone playing the piano.

I can smell something burning.
Alıntı
Ufukaltınışık 05-02-2018, 02:51 PM   
#2
hocam need den sonra to ve V1 geliyordu, want tan sonra da aynı şekilde. videonun sonunda bunlara neden gerund geldiğini anlayamadım. passive kullanım anlamında mı öyle olacak?
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